To some extent, these psalms each had a theme of forgiveness. I am slow to take forgiveness to mean forgiveness of personal sin because I understand the thought would have been much more focused on collective sin. And, while collective sin consists of the actions of individuals, the collective nature is the focal point.
I’m not sure what to do with David and Bathsheba. In psalm 86, attributed to David, we have “You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Hear my prayer, Lord; listen to my cry for mercy.” Ps. 86:5-6. Is David asking for personal forgiveness as he does in the story once Nathan warns him of God’s anger? It sure seems like it. But what does it mean when a Sovereign asks for personal forgiveness?
Interesting note: My little brain gets so excited when I come across a Spanish phrase that I recognize immediately. That is doubly true in the psalms. So I was very pleased to read, “Crea en mí, oh Dios, un corazón limpio.” Create in me, oh God, a clean heart. When is a hymn, so, you know . . .